Stretching itself in 147181sq km of an area, Nepal is positioned in between 80˚4΄ and 88˚12΄ east longitude and 26˚22΄ north latitude. Nepal is a landlocked country that exists in South Asia. Nepal shares its border with Tibet in north and India in three other sides. Tibet is an autonomous region of China.
Despite being small, Nepal is blessed with diverse geographical terrains. Geography in Nepal varies from the world’s deepest Seti Gorge to Mount Everest which is the highest mountain of the world. Thus Altitudinal variation is from 70m to 8848m. Along with Mount Everest, Nepal also possess 90+peaks that are of more than 7000m height. Moreover, Nepal is the home for 8 out of 10 highest mountains of the world.
On the basis of climatic condition, climate in Nepal varies from tropical Terai to tropical Kathmandu valley to cold Mountainous region. Mustang and Dolpo region falls in rainshadow of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Ranges and thus receives less rainfall. These regions record 160mm of average annual rainfall where as Pokhara receives 5500mm of average annual rainfall. There are three major river systems of River which are Koshi River, Gandaki River and Karnali River.
Many question a raise about Nepal. Why to tour in Nepal? Is Nepal safe for travel ?? Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal and Nepali is the national and official language of Nepal. Nepal is a multi ethnic country. There are Brahmin, Chhetri, Newar, Tamang, Rai, Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Tharu and several other ethnical tribes in Nepal and each ethnic community have their own language, culture, traditions.
Hinduism and Buddhism are two major religions that are adopted in Nepal. Buddha- the founder of Buddhism religion was born in Lumbini of Nepal. Religious tolerance is practiced in Nepal.
Geography of Nepal is divided into three major regions: the plain land of Terai, the hilly region and the mountainous region.
Himalayan region of Nepal locates in the northern section of Nepal is placed in Himalayan region. Himalayan region makes total 15 percent of Nepal. Altitude in Himalayan region varies from 4877m to 8848m. There are 8 highest peaks of the world namely Mount Everest( 8848m), Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m), Mount Lhotse (8516m), Mount Makalu (8463m), Mount Cho Oyu (8201m), Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mount Manaslu (8163m), and Annapurna I Mountain (8091m).
Hilly region of Nepal makes 68 percentage of Nepal. Land existing in central Nepal comprises of small hills and valleys. Altitude differs from 610m to 4877m.
Land existing in southern section of Nepal is termed as Terai region. Land in Terai region is flat and fertile which is why Terai region is also called the granary house of Nepal. Terai region comprises 17percent of Nepal.
Best Seasons for tour/trekking in Nepal.
Summer (March- May) 22-36˚C
Monsoon (June- August) 18-32˚C
Autumn (September- November) 10-18˚C
Winter (December- February) 1-15˚C
Nepal Time is 5hr45min ahead of GMT